General information

Malang is the second largest city in East Java province, Indonesia. Malang has a total area of 252.136 km2. The city is surrounded by country regions of Tumpang, Batu, Singosari, and Turen. People in East Java sometimes call it "Paris of East Java." It shares its borders with Pasuruan (North), Lumajang (East), and Batu City (West). Mount Bromo, one of Java's largest volcanoes and a major tourist attraction, is located just to the east of the city. Subdistricts Malang is divided into five subdistricts:Blimbing, Kedungkandang, Klojen, Lowokwaru, Sukun. Malang city is also called Kota Pelajar or city of students. There are many schools here, ranging from elementary up to universities. The largest campus in that city belongs to Brawijaya University. It is a state owned university. Malang was spared many of the effects of the Asian financial crisis, and since that time it has been marked by steady economic and population growth.  

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Religion

Like most of Java, a large majority of Malang residents are Muslim; there are small minorities of Catholics, Hindus, and Buddhists. In Java, Islam is described as moderate and very tolerant. In Malang coexist the City of Malang Grand Mosque or Masjid Agung Kota Malang in Malang City Square; the Catholic Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus in Kayutangan; the Saint Mary from Mount Carmel Cathedral in Ijen Street, which is the seat for the Roman Catholic Diocese of Malang; the Immanuel Church in Alun-alun; and the Eng An Kiong Buddhist Temple in JL. Laksamana Martadinata. Many buildings of worship still stand from their construction in the colonial era. Malang is also famous for being the centre of religious education; this is evident with the existence of many Islamic schools (pesantren) and bible seminars. In the past two centuries, with the progression of Islam, most of the Hindus left Java for Bali where is concentrated the biggest Hindus community in Indonesia.
 

History

Malang is a city of great historical significance. The oldest document that backs the birth of the city of Malang, Indonesia is the Dinoyo epitaph of 760 AD. Though a new inscription has been unearthed in 1986, its contents have not been revealed yet. According to the inscription, it was concluded that the 8th century was the beginning of the existence of Malang Regency’s government. From the Dinoyo inscriptions, it is noted that the inscription used the “Candra Sengkala” or “Cronogram” Calendar, and stated the birth date of Malang Regency was on Jum’at Legi (sweet Friday) 28 November 760 AD. (L. Damaes: “Studed’ Epigraphy d’Indonesia IV. 1952″). The city was incorporated into Mataram Sultanate in 1614, then transferred to Dutch colonial rule.  
 

Climate

   
 

Tourist attractions

Balekambang Beaches

  (about 60 km south of Malang) There are actually three beaches here: Balekambang, Ngliyep and Sendang Biru. They are very close by to each other and locals most often refer to all 3 as just Balekambang. Balekambang beach is regarded as the most beautiful one; there are three little islets just offshore which are attached to the beach by walkways.

Ijien Boulevard

This is a very unique and beautiful street in the city. It is lined with well tended bougainvillea against a backdrop of old colonial structures. The street houses a number of interesting buildings including the Brawijaya Army Museum, Catholic Church and the city library.

Alun-Alun

Alun-Alun Kota (City Square) is a nice city park to enjoy the evening. It is surrounded by old buildings such as Jami Mosque and Church. This area is especially crowded on weekends when young, old and children come to enjoy their spare time here. Street merchants offer a vast variety of local food, souvenirs, etc. In the middle of it there is also a pool.  

Bromo Mountain

(Indonesian: Gunung Bromo), is an active volcano and part of the Tengger massif, in East Java, approximately 100km south of Surabaya. At 2,329 meters (7,641 ft) it is not the highest peak of the massif, but is the most well known. The volcano belongs to the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. The name of Bromo derived from Javanese pronunciation of Brahma, the Hindu creator god. Mount Bromo is in the middle of a vast plain called the "Sea of Sand", a protected nature reserve since 1919. The typical way to visit Mount Bromo is from the nearby mountain village of Cemoro Lawang. From there it is possible to walk to the volcano in about 45 minutes, but it is also possible to take an organized jeep tour, which includes a stop at the viewpoint on Mount Penanjakan (2,770 m or 9,088 ft). The best views from Mount Bromo to the Sand Sea below and the surrounding volcanoes are at sunrise. The viewpoint on Mount Penanjakan can also be reached on foot in about two hours.

Singosari Temple

(in indonesian Candi Singosari) The Singosari temple is in the village of Candirenggo, in the north of Singosari city, approximately 10 km north from Malang. The temple sits in a valley between the Tengger massif and Mount Arjuno-Welirang, at 512 meters of altitude. According to the Nagarakertagama, a poem written in 1365 to the glory of King Hayam Wuruk from Majapahit, and an inscription dated from 1351 found inside, the temple is dedicated to the last king of the Singosari Kingdom, Kertanegara, who died in 1292. Archeological community thinks that the temple in unfinished. Approximately 200 meters West from the temple can be found on both side of the road, two imposing Dvarapala, statues of guardians that might indicate the entry of a palace.

Wonosari Tea Plantation

This tea plantation is situated on the slope of mount Arjuno and it belongs to Wonosari - Toyomarto village, Singosari district. Visitors can watch and enjoy special method of tea processing from the leaves to the tea ready to drink. The location is reachable, about 30 km away to the North from Malang.

Coban Melangi Waterfall

This is a beautiful waterfall located about 32 km away to the East Malang.

...and even more to discover...

You will find more information about tourist attractions in Malang and its vicinity on the following websites: Malang City Tours Malang Tourism Center Malang Regency Tourism

Culture

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Food

Apple Apple tree in Indonesia (especially in Malang) began to be known about the year 1908 before the independence. The Ducth were the first people who brought and reached good areas for apple growing. Malang is one of them, and above all it is the most suitable. The first apple variety grown in Malang was Rome Beauty. In 1969, after twenty four years, Indonesian got its independence, the " Banaran Garden Institution" found a new apple variety, namely Manalagi Apple. The man who found it was Mr Surachmat Kusumo, a senior fruit tracker from Balai Penelitian Hortikultura Pasar Minggu (Hortikultura Reseached Institution Pasar Minggu) Jakarta. This new variety was from Gandon Village, because this variety was not found in Holland and other parts of the world and so it was finally considered as an Indonesian Apple. Thanks to its nice taste, this apple is named Manalagi (In Javaneses language, "Manalagi" means "give me more "). Suwaru Snake Fruits Salaca, a special kind of tropical fruit produced at the village of Suwaru for the first time, was popularized around the village and its surrounding to be now well-known under the name of "Salak Suwaru ". We can find this fruit not only in Malang, but also in Surabaya, Mojokerto, Kediri, Jember, Gresik, Banyuwangi, and many other cities in East Java. The location of Agribusiness Salaca Group is addressed at Suwaru Village, Gondanglegi Sub District (about 25 km away to the South from Malang). Bakso or baso The name Bakso originated from bak-so the Hokkien pronunciation for "shredded meat".This suggests that bakso has Indonesian Chinese cuisine origin.Today most of the bakso vendors are Javanese from Wonogiri (a town near Solo) and Malang. Bakso Solo and Bakso Malang are the most popular variant; the name comes from the city it comes from, Solo in Central Java and Malang in East Java. In Malang, Bakso Bakar (roasted bakso) is also popular. As most Indonesians are muslim, generally Bakso is made from beef or is mixed with chicken. Those Indonesian meatballs or meat paste are made from beef surimi and are similar in texture to the Chinese beef ball, fish ball, or pork ball. Bakso is commonly made from beef with a small quantity of tapioca flour, however bakso can also be made from other ingredients, such as chicken, fish, or shrimp. Bakso are usually served in a bowl of beef broth, with yellow noodles, bihun (rice vermicelli), salted vegetables, tofu, egg (wrapped within bakso), Chinese green cabbage, bean sprout, siomay or steamed meat dumpling, and crisp wonton, sprinkled with fried shallots and celery. Bakso can be found all across Indonesia; from the traveling cart street vendors to restaurants. Slices of bakso often used and mixed as compliments in mie goreng, nasi goreng, or cap jay recipes.  

Language

Javanese and Indonesian are the day-to-day languages used by Malang people. Many of the native Malang youths adopt a dialect that is called 'boso walikan', it is simply done by reversing the pronunciation of the words, an example of this is by pronouncing “Malang” as “Ngalam” instead. Like Surabaya, Malang residents adopt an egalitarian form of Javanese. Being an educational city full of school ranged from elementary schools to universities, there are many languages from outside Java spoken in Malang, with this young population moving in for educational purposes. Those temporary residents to Malang come from other islands especially from East of Indonesia, which includes Bali, Nusa Tenggara, East Timor, Papua, Maluku, Sulawesi and Kalimantan.